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According to the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation №635-R of March 16, 2020 for the purpose of ensuring state security, protecting public health and non-proliferation of a new coronavirus infection entry to the territory of the Russian Federation is restricted until further notice. 

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Air transport

The State Register of Civil Aviation Airfields and Heliports of the Russian Federation contains 247 facilities including 77 international airfields with open border crossing points.

The busiest airports of Russia by passenger traffic:

1)      Sheremetyevo (Moscow) SVO/UUEE

2)      Domodedovo (Moscow) DME/UUDD

3)      Vnukovo (Moscow) VKO/UUWW

4)      Pulkovo (Saint Petersburg) LED/ULLI

5)      Sochi (Sochi) AER/URSS

6)      Tolmachevo (Novosibirsk) OVB/UNNT

7)      Koltsovo (Yekaterinburg) SVX/USSS

8)      Simferopol (Simferopol) SIP/UKFF

More than a half of all international and domestic passenger traffic is handled by 5 Russian airlines:

1)      Aeroflot Russian Airlines

2)      S7 Airlines

3)      Rossiya Airlines

4)      UTair

5)      Pobeda

Key performance indicators of Russian airlines, including statistical information, are regularly published by the Federal Air Transport Agency.

Rail transport

The largest operator of the railway network engaged in passenger transportation in Russia is Russian Railways Joint Stock Company. This type of transport is the most popular and most affordable for travelling within the country. The length of operated railways is 85.3 thousand kilometers. Russian Railways JSC is positioned in the world top three leading railroad companies.

Currently, most railway passengers in Russia travel on suburban and intraurban trains. In Russia, there are several dozens of suburban passenger companies, most of which are subsidiaries of Russian Railways JSC.

Intermodal passenger transportation between Moscow downtown and the three airports of the Moscow aviation hub (Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo and Vnukovo) is carried out by Aeroexpress LLC.

There is a regular train service to the countries in Europe and Asia:

1)  Austria (stations on the route of the train Moscow _ Nice)

2)  Germany (Moscow – Berlin)

3)  China (Moscow– Beijing, Grodekovo – Sujfjen'hje, Chita – Manchuria)

4)  Poland (Moscow – Warsaw)

5)  Finland (Moscow – Helsinki, Saint Petersburg – Helsinki)

6)  France (Moscow – Paris, Moscow – Nice)

7)  Czech Republic (Moscow – Prague, Saint Petersburg – Prague)

8) Estonia (Moscow – Tallinn)

9) Italy (stations on the route of the train Moscow – Nice)

10) Latvia (Moscow – Riga)

11) Lithuania (Moscow – Vilnius, Saint-Petersburg – Vilnius, Adler – Vilnius, Chelyabinsk – Vilnius)

12) Mongolia (Moscow – Ulanbaator, Irkutsk – Ulanbaator)

13) North Korea (Moscow – Pyongyang, Moscow – Tumangan, Khabarovsk – Pyongyang, Ussuriysk – Tumangan)

Train tickets can be purchased on the official website of Russian Railways. You can see more detailed information about the routes via the link. 


Public transport

Urban ground transport in Russia includes buses, trams, trolleybuses, minibuses, and other vehicles. The bus is the most popular transport used by over 11 billion passengers a year, trams and trolleybuses are used by a significantly lesser number of passengers totaling an average of 2 billion passengers a year.

Municipal enterprises usually act as urban ground transport operators in urban areas.

Mosgortrans State Unitary Enterprise is the urban ground transport operator in Moscow.

There is a taxi service in all major Russian cities. Passenger taxis must have a permit (license) to carry passengers and baggage.

The largest online taxi booking services in Russia are

1)      Yandex.Taxi

2)      Gett Taxi

3)      Uber

About 3.5 billion passengers annually use the metro in Russia. There is a metro in seven cities:

1)      Moscow

2)      Saint Petersburg

3)      Nizhniy Novgorod

4)      Novosibirsk

5)      Samara

6)      Ekaterinburg

7)      Kazan

The Moscow Metro is the fifth in the world in terms of passenger traffic after Beijing, Tokyo, Seoul, and Shanghai. Many stations of the Moscow Metro are considered as monuments of architecture.

Water transport

The length of operated inland waterways in Russia is about 100 thousand kilometers. Maritime transport is mainly used for cargo transportation. River transport in Russia is mainly concentrated in the Volga-Kama basin. The main centers of traveling on inland waterways are Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara, where the major part of the cruise fleet and tour operators who specialize in these forms of tourist services is concentrated.

The leading river cruise companies are members of River Alliance.